1949 SeptEdit

  • Maoist Revolution in China
    • Significance: This completely change the face of China diplomatically and economically. They became stiffer towards the western world, behind what was called the "Bamboo Curtain" and their trade was limited.
    • Location: China
    • Other:


  • The Great Leap Forward
    • Significance: The Great Leap Forward was supposed to greatly increase production, but it failed because products were often of poor quality, as quantity was stressed more. 30 million people died of starvation.
    • Location: China
    • Other:


  • The Cultural Revolution
    • Significance: As part of the cultural revolution, Mao purged Chinese society of counter-revolutionaries and created the Red Guard, so that the new generation would be more committed to Maoist policies. However, the result was an economic decline and increased dissent.
    • Location: China
    • Other:


  • China gains admission to the UN
    • Significance: During the split between the Soviet Union and China, Mao and Nixon met to establish diplomatic relations. This lead to the People's Republic of China joining the UN and replacing Taiwan on the security council.
    • Location: China
    • Other:


  • Vietnam War ends
    • Significance: This was a humbling event for the United States military, but was a victory for anti-war citizens, especially hippies.
    • Location: Vietnam
    • PECS: Political
    • Causes: Huge casualties, ideological dissatisfaction.
    • Effects: Americans were wary of the government, but happy they had ended the war.
    • Links!:


  • Mao Zedong dies
    • Significance: Mao Zedong had been a great leader for the Chinese people, so this was a loss for them in some sense. However, future leaders were more moderated which benefited the Chinese people.
    • Location: China
    • Other:


  • Deng Xiaoping comes to power in China
    • Significance: Much like the anti-Stalin leaders of the Soviet Union, Xiaoping set China on a less radical path. This led to increased hopes for the eventual abolition of Maoism.
    • Location: China
    • Other:


  • Tiananmen Square Massacre
    • Significance: The massacre led to tension between the Chinese people and their totalitarian government, and many died. However, it increased awareness about the situation in China and made people hopeful for a better government system.
    • Location: China
    • Other:


  • Xiaoping dies and Jiang Zemin comes to power
    • Significance: Although their ideas were much the same, Zemin faced more dissent than Xiaoping. Zemin also faced more internal pressure than Xiaoping.
    • Location: China
    • Other:


  • Hu Jintao replaces Jiang Zemin as Communist Party Leader
    • Significance: Hu's rise represented a transition to technocracy (where leaders are chosen based on skill, rather than connections)
    • Location: China
    • Other: Was the leader of China during SARS epidemic, will host 2008 Bejing Olympics.

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